Recently an American economist crunched the numbers and determined the most dense urban areas in America--something that may be a bit of a misnomer, given our national reputation for sprawl and hourlong commutes.
Image from NASA
Nevertheless, he had some shocking findings relating to location, geography, and public transportation.
5. Chicago, Illinois
Coming in as the fifth-densest city in America, and unsurprisingly so, given the excellent public transportation, which has allowed development to progress with a reasonable level of sprawl, is Chicago.
Image from StuckinCustoms on Flickr
The Windy City, charged with rebuilding itself after Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern and burned four square miles of the city in 1871, developed the urban core upwards, and later installed an elevated rail system as the centerpiece of Chigaco Transit Authority. The CTA, which runs 24 hours a day, is the second-largest transit system in the nation, and provided nearly 500 Million rides last year.
4. Honolulu, Hawaii
The fourth-densest city in the United States is, shockingly in Hawaii-- this Pacific paradise is shoehorned into some of the most difficult geography of any American city, in the low-lying areas on a mountainous island.
You can see in the above photo how the city is forced to contour around the natural obstacles to development-- the mountain on one side, and the ocean on the other. Kudos to the Hawaiians for not taking the Kentucky approach to things and simply blowing the top off of the mountain, or building out into the ocean like they do in Dubai.
3. Los Angeles, California
The third-densest city in America bucks its reputation. Long the poster child for urban sprawl, the reality of L.A. is simply that it's that big-- density EVERYWHERE doesn't make a city any less (or more) sustainably developed. The difference between Los Angelenos and the rest of the citizenry on this list is that L.A. has far more commuters on the road and not using mass transit.
From Thomas Pintaric
See the smog? Imagine if they had good public transit. 2. San Francisco, California
Next on our hit parade is San Fransisco-- much like Honolulu, the SF-Oakland area has its hand forced by geography, and it also has an excellent rapid transit system-- the BART-- that enables a tightly-packed populous to move around as they would with automobiles in suburban areas.
From Wikipedia user Nadavspi/info2
1. New York City
With geographic boundaries and public Transit becoming a theme on this list, it's probably shocking to no one that New York City is the star of this list-- bounded by multiple bodies of water (and New Jersey) and featuring the most extensive mass transit system of any American city, New York has long fostered the sort of environment where citizens don't even own cars. Of course, most still do, but it's possible not to, and a glimpse into our more easily sustainable future. From Trabajo Propio